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BETWEEN TWO FRONTS
Under the blazing sun and blowing sands, we arrived at a passageway used by IDPs who fled Fallujah. Seeing a man was a rarity as most were taken in for security screening. The majority of the displaced were women, children and elders.
The men were being questioned by the paramilitary units, or Hashid Shabby, as there were doubts about who had ties with the ultra-hardline Islamic State. Families who fled the combat zone had their men isolated and taken by cars to detainment centers near al-Thirthar lake of Khaldiya. The range of ages targeted was from as young as 16 to as old as 60.
During the moment of separation of one of those families a mother told me whilst crying that “the Hashid took three of my boys.” When a soldier walked nearby, she immediately changed her tale, fearing for the well-being of her sons.
At another spot near the Saqlawiya city center we met dozens of families who were trapped between trees and bushes for at least three days. They had been stuck in a cross fire between the Iraqi forces and ISIS fighters. By the time the media got to them, the families were split into males and females with children. One man had deserted from ISIS a week earlier and was hiding in the fields. The families didn’t recognize him, which placed him in a dangerous situation. A media member who reports to the security forces sniffed his hands for gun powder and checked for weapon-recoil bruises on his shoulder. The man deducted that he must have been fighting alongside the extremists and preceded to tell an official of the Kataib Hezbollah militia who accompanied them that “this man is Daesh, we will finish him,” using a derogatory term to describe the extremist group.
A week after the beginning of operations aimed at ending the siege of Fallujah, which lies 40 miles west of Baghdad, elite forces launched a new and more aggressive offensive on Fallujah.
The Iraqi government cited the fact that an estimated 50,000 civilians were used as human shields in Fallujah as a main factor that slowed military operations to regain control of the city. Aid workers had not been able to reach the city since last September. As a result, the population were living off stale dates, animal feed and dirty water from the Euphrates River.
Hundreds of families who were besieged inside the city of Fallujah and its various suburbs managed to escape to one of the military units stationed outside the city limits: Saqlawiyah. As they made their escape, ISIS fired indiscriminately upon them and they were even subject to the detonation of a roadside bomb.
The United Nations has warned that Iraq is facing a humanitarian crisis if more aid funding is not imminent. Tens of thousands of people have been displaced because of the fighting and aid agencies are struggling to keep up. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), said that the emergency relief fund to provide aid to the Iraqis at risk not received two-thirds of the funding was for projects for closing.
“Until now, it has received only 33 per cent or $ 285 million,” the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said on Sunday. “The only one-third of the funding appeal, and has already begun projects Closed
When IDPs arrive at military camps, it is difficult for the government to know who might be an ISIS sympathizer and/or someone who is trying to get behind enemy lines. Many hundreds, if not thousands, of men have been sent to detention centers until it can be verified that they are not indeed ISIS sympathizers. There are credible reports that many men who fled ISIS held regions were met with cruelty by Shiite militias. The situation is murky at best and promises only to get more complicated.